What are Some Examples of Non-12 Step Treatment for Drug Abuse?
Treating drug abuse is complicated, and it requires a multi-pronged approach to help clients get on the road to recovery. There are a number of non-12 step treatment options that can be integrated into an individual treatment plan in order to meet this goal.
Examples of Non-12 Step Treatment Options
The following treatment options may form part of an individualized plan to deal with drug abuse. More than one approach can be included in the same client’s treatment plan, and are also often used in conjunction with 12-step approaches.
• Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is based on the idea that thoughts are the basis for the way we feel and behave, as opposed to external events, people and situations. By helping a client to change the way they think about a situation, the client can start to feel better about it, even if the situation itself doesn’t change.
• Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a form of CBT. This approach recognizes that some people react more intensely, stay emotionally stimulated longer, and take more time to return to a baseline level when faced with certain emotional situations. They may see the world in more “black and white” terms than other people. DBT teaches how to recognize these “all or nothing” thoughts and assumptions and gives clients strategies to make them flexible.
• Mindfulness-Based Treatment – DBT is also based in part on the practice of mindfulness, which is an increasing of awareness and living moment to moment without judgment. There is an inherent acceptance of what is rather than a constant desire to change or avoid unpleasant or uncomfortable situations in life, and through this practice those situations become easier to deal with. There are many forms of meditation often used as part of mindfulness-based therapy.
• Equine Therapy is a type of psychotherapy where horses are used as instruments to help clients with emotional issues. During therapy sessions, clients interact with the horses by feeding and grooming them. They may also walk or participate in games with the animals. Horses make good therapy partners because of their intelligence and size. Participants in this form of therapy must learn to develop a trusting relationship with the horse in order to accomplish their goals, and these skills can be applied toward mending relationships with family members and friends.
• Family Therapy for drug abuse is targeted toward a client’s loved ones. This treatment approach is based on the idea that family relationships are connected with each other. When one of them changes in a positive way, the entire family dynamic shifts as well toward improved communication patterns.
Other forms of therapy may make up an individualized plan for a client being treated for drug abuse. Since each person’s needs and treatment goals are different, the elements of their treatment plan will vary.
There are also other support and fellowship programs out there, such as:
• SMART Recovery (Self Management Addiction Resistance Therapy) is the leading self-empowering addiction recovery support group. Participants learn tools for addiction recovery based on the latest scientific research and participate in a world-wide community which includes free, self-empowering, science-based mutual help groups.
• Refuge Recovery is a growing support group based on the 8-fold path of Buddhist principles. With a strong foundation in meditation and understandings of Eastern philosophy, many people who are looking for something more structured but are turned off by the 12 steps may see Refuge Recovery as something they can really commit to.